100 Titles: A Basic Library on Japanese Americans

All things considered, there is an enormous amount of literature on the Japanese American experience. Unfortunately, much of it is dated or problematic in some way. Often, the most widely available works are the ones which are most problematic, while some of the best work remains relatively inaccessible, whether buried in obscure academic journals or consisting of unpublished master's theses or doctoral dissertations. For one who is trying to find good introductory works on Japanese Americans or who is trying to build a library of such titles, difficulties abound.

The following list is one attempt to sort through the enormous amount of literature on Japanese Americans to arrive at a core bibliography. In compiling this list, I have tried identity the best work on Japanese Americans, whether academic or popular, historical or social scientific, fiction or non-fiction, obscure or well known. I have tried to list works which cover the breadth of the Japanese American experience, including topics on which there has been relatively little research. There are of course many other possible lists which could be arrived at; this is just one possible list. I hope that this list will serve to generate dialogue on the state of Japanese American studies and help to indicate the areas where research is lacking.

1. Aguilar-San Juan, Karin, ed. The State of Asian America: Activism and Resistance in the 1990s. Boston: South End Press, 1994. Foreword by David Henry Hwang. Afterword by M. Annette Jaimes. [Anthology of works on various contemporary issues facing Asian Americans.

2. Ano, Masaharu. "Loyal Linguists: Nisei of World War II Learned Japanese in Minnesota." Minnesota History 45 (1977): 273-87. [Focuses on Nisei in the Military Intelligence Service Language School at Camp Savage and Fort Snelling, Minnesota during World War II.]

3. Asian Women United of California. Making Waves: An Anthology of Writings By and About Asian American Women. Boston: Beacon Press, 1989. [Anthology which includes both historical/social science and creative pieces; includes prose by Valerie Matsumoto, Kesaya E. Noda, R. A. Sasaki, and Wakako Yamauchi; poetry by Janice Mirikitani and Sakae S. Roberson; and historical studies by Valerie Matsumoto and Gail M. Nomura which deal specifically with Japanese American women. There are also many other pieces which deal with Asian American women as a whole.]

4. Azuma, Eiichiro. In This Great Land of Freedom: The Japanese Pioneers of Oregon. Ed. Akemi Kikumura, Lawson Inada, and Mary Worthington. Los Angeles: Japanese American National Museum, 1993. [Catalog for exhibit of the same name. Includes poetry by Lawson Inada.]

5. Chan, Sucheng. Asian Americans: An Interpretive History. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1991. Twayne's Immigrant Heritage of America Series. Thomas J. Archdeacon, General ed. [One of two major recent histories of Asian Americans.]

6. Chuman, Frank F. The Bamboo People: The Law and Japanese-Americans. Del Mar, CA: Publisher's Inc., 1976. [A history of laws pertaining to Japanese Americans.]

7. Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1982. [Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians is a concise overview of the Japanese American experience during World War II.]

8. Consulate-General of Japan. Documental History of Law Cases Affecting Japanese in the United States, 1916-1924. 2 Vols. San Francisco: Consulate- General of Japan, 1925. New York: Arno Press, 1978. The Asian Experience in North America: Chinese and Japanese . Roger Daniels, advisory ed. [Two volume compilation of legal cases involving Japanese Americans up to 1924. Volume one contains naturalization cases while volume two contains alien land law cases.]

9. Daniels, Roger. The Politics of Prejudice: The Anti-Japanese Movement in California and the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion. 1962. 2nd edition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977. [Definitive history of the anti-Japanese movement in California between 1905 and 1924]

10. __________. Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans in World War II. New York: Hill and Wang, 1993. [Short (114 pages of text) overview of the Japanese American World War II experience including a section on the redress movement. Also includes photographs and a section on recommended reading.]

11. __________, Sandra C. Taylor, and Harry H. L. Kitano. Japanese Americans: From Relocation to Redress. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1986. [Anthology of papers coming out of the International Conference on Relocation and Redress held in Salt Lake City in 1983 covering many different aspects of the Japanese American World War II experience.]

12. Dower, John W. War without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War. New York: Pantheon Books, 1986. [Examines racial stereotyping on the both and American and Japanese sides during World War II and how these stereotypes recur in different forms during times of peace.]

13. Drinnon, Richard. Keeper of Concentration Camps: Dillon S. Myer and American Racism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987. [Revisionist biography of War Relocation Authority (and later Bureau of Indian Affairs) director Dillon S. Myer.]

14. Duus, Masayo. Unlikely Liberators: The Men of the 100th and the 442nd. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1987. [A history of 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, the famed Nisei World War II U.S. Army units derived mainly from interviews with Nisei veterans.]

15. Endo, Russell. "Japanese of Colorado: A Sociohistorical Portrait." Journal of Social and Behavioral Sciences 31 (Fall 1985): 100-10. [Provides and historical and contemporary overview of Japanese Americans in Colorado.]

16. Ethnic Studies Oral History Project/United Okinawan Association of Hawaii. Uchinanchu: A History of Okinawans in Hawaii. Honolulu: Ethnic Studies Program, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1981. [Major anthology of focusing on the Okinawan community in Hawaii. Includes many historical pieces as well as a section of oral history transcripts of Okinawan Issei from Hawaii.]

17. Friday, Christopher C. Organizing Asian American Labor: The Pacific Coast Canned-Salmon Industry, 1870-1942. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994. [Based on a 1991 doctoral dissertation at UCLA.]

18. Fugita, Stephen S., and David J. O'Brien. Japanese American Ethnicity: The Persistence of Community. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991. [Examines the persistance of Japanese American identity and community in face of structural assimilation.]

19. Gardiner, C. Harvey. Pawns in a Triangle of Hate: The Peruvian Japanese and the United States. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981. [Definitive study of the World War II odyssey of Japanese Peruvians.]

20. Girdner, Audrie, and Anne Loftis. The Great Betrayal: The Evacuation of the Japanese-Americans during World War II. Toronto: Macmillan, 1969. [General journalistic overview of the Japanese American World War II experience.]

21. Glenn, Evelyn Nakano. Issei, Nisei, War Bride: Three Generations of Japanese American Women in Domestic Service. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986. [Study of Japanese American women in domestic service based largely on oral histories former workers.]

22. Hagedorn, Jessica, ed. and introd. Charlie Chan Is Dead: An Anthology of Contemporary Asian American Fiction. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. [Includes selections by forty-eight famous and not-so-famous Asian American writers.]

23. Hane, Mikiso. Peasants, Rebels and Outcastes: The Underside of Modern Japan. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982. [Looks at the effect of Japan's modernization on the peasantry--the group the vast majority of Issei came out of.]

24. Hata, Donald Teruo. 'Undesirables': Early Immigrants and the Anti-Japanese Movement in San Francisco, 1892-1893: Prelude to Exclusion. New York: Arno Press, 1978. The Asian Experience in North America: Chinese and Japanese . Roger Daniels, advisory ed. [About the earliest Japanese migrants to the U.S. and the beginning of anti-Japanese agitation.]

25. Hayashi, Brian Masaru. ÔFor the Sake of Our Japanese Brethren': Assimilation, Nationalism, and Protestantism among the Japanese of Los Angeles, 1895-1942. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1995. [Examines the diversity of the Japanese American Protestant community in pre-World War II Los Angeles by focusing on three very different Japanese American churches. Based on a 1990 UCLA doctoral dissertation.]

26. Hellig, David J. "Afro-American Reactions to the Japanese and the Anti- Japanese Movement, 1906-1924.Ó Phylon 38.1 (Mar. 1977): 93-104. [Analyzes the attitude towards Japanese Americans exhibited in the African American press during the anti-Japanese movement period.]

27. Higa, Karin M., ed. The View from Within: Japanese American Art from the Internment Camps, 1942-1945. Catalog for a 1992 exhibit organized by the Japanese American National Museum, UCLA Wight Art Gallery and the UCLA Asian American Studies Center. Includes an overview essay by Higa, a historical overview by Lane Ryo Hirabayashi and James A. Hirabayashi, a chronology by Brian Niiya, personal reflections by Wakako Yamauchi, and a selection of color plates.

28. Higgs, Robert. "Landless by Law--Japanese Immigrants in California Agriculture to 1941." Journal of Economic History 38.1 (Mar. 1978): 205- 26. [Economic study of the Issei in agriculture concludes that they had achieved middle class status by the eve of World War II.]

29. Hirabayashi, Lane Ryo, and George Tanaka. "The Issei Community in Moneta and the Gardena Valley, 1900-1920.Ó Southern California Quarterly 70.2 (Summer 1988): 127-58. [Examines the strawberry farming origins of what would later become a major Japanese American residential community.]

30. Hohri, William. Repairing America: An Account of the Movement for Japanese American Redress. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1988. [Autobiographical account by the leader of the National Council for Japanese American Redress, one of three major redress organizations.]

31. Ichihashi, Yamato. Japanese in the United States: A Critical Study of the Problems of the Japanese Immigrants and their Children. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1969. New York: Arno Press, 1969. [Hugely influential study of the Japanese American community, written in part as a response defending the Issei from the wild claims of anti-Japanese movement proponents.]

32. Ichioka, Yuji. "A Study in Dualism: James Yoshinori Sakamoto and the Japanese American Courier, 1928-1942." Amerasia Journal 13.2 (1986-87): 49-81. [Analyzes the life and writings of James Yoshinori Sakamoto, founder of the first exclusively English language Japanese American newspaper.]

33. __________. The Issei: The World of the First Generation Japanese Immigrants, 1885-1924. New York: The Free Press, 1988. [Historical study of the mainland Issei experience focusing on the actions and thoughts of the Issei themselves. Incorporates the numerous published articles on the Issei by Ichioka which have appeared earlier.]

34. __________, ed. Views from Within: The Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study. Los Angeles: UCLA Asian American Studies Center, 1989. [Papers from a conference reassessing the JERS project held in 1987. Includes articles by Yuji Ichioka, S. Frank Miyamoto, Lane Ryo Hirabayashi and James Hirabayashi, Peter T. Suzuki, Robert F. Spencer, Charles Kikuchi, Dana Y. Takagi, and James M. Sakoda.]

35. __________. "Japanese Immigrant Nationalism: The Issei and the Sino- Japanese War, 1937-1941.Ó California History 69.3 (Fall 1990): 260-75, 310- 11. [Examines Issei support of and identification with Japan in the period just prior to World War II.]

36. Inada, Lawson F. Before the War: Poems as They Happened. New York: Morrow, 1971. [Anthology of poems by influential Sansei poet, writer, and teacher.]

37. Irons, Peter. Justice at War: The Story of the Japanese American Internment Cases. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. [An examination of the U.S. government response to the Hirabayashi, Korematsu, and Yasui cases which exposes the government's cover-up of data which would have disproved its claims of "military necessity.Ó]

38. __________, ed. Justice Delayed: The Record of the Japanese American Internment Cases. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1989. [Compilation of the legal records of the various Endo, Hirabayashi, Korematsu, and Yasui cases including the coram nobis efforts of the 1980s; includes an introduction which provides an overview of the coram nobis cases.]

39. Ito, Hiroshi [psued]. "Japan's Outcastes in the United States.Ó In DeVos, George, and Hiroshi Wagatsuma, ed. Japan's Invisible Race: Caste in Culture and Personality. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966. 200-21. [1950s era study of the burakumin (outcaste) population among Japanese Americans.]

40. Ito, Kazuo. Issei: A History of Japanese Immigrants in North America. Shinichiro Nakamura, Jean S. Gerard, trans. Seattle: Executive Committee for the Publication of Issei: A History of Japanese Immigrants in North America, 1973. [1000+ page volume based on oral history data obtained from Issei in the Pacific Northwest in the 1960s. Originally published in Japanese.]

41. Iwata, Masakazu. Planted in Good Soil: A History of the Issei in the United States Agriculture. 2 Vols. New York: P. Lang, 1990. American University Studies, Series 9, History, Vol. 57. [Epic, region-by-region study of Japanese Americans in agriculture.]

42. James, Thomas. Exile Within: The Schooling of Japanese Americans, 1942- 1945. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987. [Study of various aspects of education in the concentration camps including pre-War Relocation Authority educational programs largely implemented by Japanese Americans themselves, the philosophical underpinnings of the WRA educational philosophy, the resettlement of Nisei college students, and schooling in post- segregation Tule Lake.]

43. Kanazawa, Tooru J. Sushi and Sourdough: A Novel. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1989. [Novel about Issei prospectors in Alaska.]

44. Kashima, Tetsuden. Buddhism in America: The Social Organization of an Ethnic Religious Institution. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1977. [Study of the Japanese American Buddhist church.]

45. Kikumura, Akemi. Through Harsh Winters: The Life of a Japanese Immigrant Woman. Novato, CA: Chandler and Sharp Publishers, 1981. [A life history of an Issei woman in rural Central California.]

46. Kimura, Yukiko. Issei: Japanese Immigrants in Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1988. [Social history of the Issei in Hawaii which incorporates many previous works on the subject by the author.]

47. Kitano, Harry H. L. Japanese Americans: The Evolution of a Subculture. 1969. 2nd Edition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1976. [Influential sociological and historical study of the Japanese American community.]

48. Kotani, Roland. The Japanese in Hawaii: A Century of Struggle. Honolulu: Hochi, Ltd., 1985. [Popular history of Japanese Americans in Hawaii commemorating the 100th anniversary of large scale Japanese migration to Hawaii.]

49. Lukes, Timothy J., and Gary Y. Okihiro. Japanese Legacy: Farming and Community Life in California's Santa Clara Valley. Cupertino, CA: California History Center, 1985. Local History Studies 31. [Community history of Japanese Americans in the Santa Clara Valley in California.]

50. Masumoto, David Mas. Country Voices: The Oral History of a Japanese American Family Farm Community. Del Rey, CA: Inaka Countryside Publications, 1987. [The community is Del Rey, California; the work mixes oral history, fiction, and memoir to provide a penetrating look at Japanese American farm life.]

51. Matsumoto, Valerie. Farming the Home Place: A Japanese American Community in California, 1919-1982. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993. [Study of the Japanese American community in Cortez, a farming colony in central California, arguably the first JA community study done with a feminist perspective.]

52. Miyamoto, Kazuo. Hawaii: End of the Rainbow. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle, 1964. [Epic novel focusing on the fortunes of one Japanese American family in Hawaii; many real Issei and Nisei appear in these pages.]

53. Miyamoto, S. Frank. Social Solidarity among the Japanese in Seattle. University of Washington Publications in the Social Sciences 11.2 (Dec. 1939): 57-130. Seattle: Asian American Studies Program, University of Washington, 1981. Occasional Monograph Series No. 2. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1984. [Classic study of the Japanese American community in Seattle on the eve of World War II.]

54. Modell, John. The Economics and Politics of Racial Accommodation: The Japanese of Los Angeles 1900-1942. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1977. [Economic study of the pre-World War II Japanese American community in the Los Angeles area.]

55. Mori, Toshio. Yokohama, California. Introd. William Saroyan. Caldwell, ID: Caxton Printers, Ltd., 1949. Introd. Lawson Fusao Inada. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1985. [Collection of short stories set in the fictional Northern California Japanese American community.]

56. Moriyama, Alan T. Imingaishi: Japanese Emigration Companies and Hawaii, 1894-1908. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1985. [A study of Japanese American emigration companies and their role in inducing Japanese emigration to Hawaii.]

57. Murayama, Milton. All I Asking for Is My Body. 1959. Afterword by Franklin Odo. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1988. [Novel set in the plantation camps of pre-World War II Hawaii.]

58. Nagata, Donna K. Legacy of Injustice: Exploring the Cross-Generational Impact of the Japanese American Internment. New York: Plenum Publishing, 1993.

59. Nakano, Mei. Japanese American Women: Three Generations, 1890-1990. Berkeley and Sebastopol, CA: National Japanese American Historical Society and Mina Press, 1990. [Study of Issei, Nisei, and Sansei women on the mainland; accompanied a museum exhibit by the National Japanese American Historical Society.]

60. Nelson, Douglas W. Heart Mountain: The History of an American Concentration Camp. Madison, WI: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1976. [Definitive study of one World War II American concentration camp.]

61. Nomura, Gail M. "Tsugiki, A Grafting: A History of a Japanese Pioneer Woman in Washington State.Ó Women's Studies 14.1 (1987): 15-37. Reprinted in Blair, Karen J., ed. Women in Pacific Northwest History: An Anthology. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1987. 207-29. [On Teiko Tomita, tanka poet and pioneering Issei woman.]

62. __________. "Washington's Asian/Pacific American Communities." In White, Sid, and S. E. Solberg, ed. Peoples of Washington: Perspectives on Cultural Diversity. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1989. 113- 55. [General history of Asian/Pacific Americans in Washington (state).]

63. Odo, Franklin S., and Kazuko Sinoto. A Pictorial History of the Japanese in Hawaii, 1885-1924. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1985. [Handsome collection of photographs, tables, and text documenting the Issei experience in Hawaii.]

64. Okada, John. No-No Boy. Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1957. San Francisco: Combined Asian American Resources Project, Inc., 1976. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1979. [Novel focusing on a "No-No Boy" protagonist and his identity dilemmas in post-World War II Seattle.]

65. Okamura, Raymond Y. "The American Concentration Camps: A Cover-Up through Euphemistic Terminology." Journal of Ethnic Studies 10.3 (Fall 1982): 95-108. [Analyzes the official terminology which is still often used to describe the Japanese American World War II experience.]

66. Okihiro, Gary Y. Cane Fires: The Anti-Japanese Movement in Hawaii, 1865- 1945. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991. [History of Japanese Americans in Hawaii which makes the case that there was an organized anti- Japanese movement in Hawaii as on the mainland.]

67. Okinawa Club of America, comp. History of the Okinawans in North America. Ben Kobashigawa, trans. Los Angeles: UCLA Asian American Studies Center and The Okinawa Club of America, 1988. [Compilation of various works documenting the history of Okinawans in the mainland United States.]

68. Okubo, Mine. Citizen 13660. New York: Columbia University Press, 1946. New York: Arno Press, 1948. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1983. [Book of line drawings and text based on the author's experiences at Tanforan Assembly Center and Topaz.]

69. Ota, Shelley Ayame Nishimura. Upon Their Shoulders. New York: Exposition Press, 1951. [Epic novel centering on a Japanese American family in Hawaii.]

70. Papanikolas, Helen Z., and Alice Kasai. "Japanese Life in Utah." In Papanikolas, Helen Z., ed. The Peoples of Utah. Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society, 1976. 333-62. [General history of the Japanese American community in Utah.]

71. Sato, Susie. "Before Pearl Harbor: Early Japanese Settlers in Arizona." Journal of Arizona History 14.4 (Winter 1973): 317-34. [Study of the pre- World War II community in Arizona.]

72. Sawada, Mitziko. "Dreams of Change: The Japanese Immigrant to New York City, 1891-1924." Diss., New York University, 1985. [Contrasts the pre- immigration conceptions of Issei in New York with the post-immigration reality.]

73. __________. "After the Camps: Seabrook Farms, New Jersey, and the Resettlement of Japanese Americans, 1944-47." Amerasia Journal 13.2 (1986- 87): 117-36. [Study of Seabrook Farms, New Jersey, a community where many Japanese Americans who resettled from World War II concentration camps moved to; also discusses War Relocation Policy towards resettlement.]

74. Shibutani, Tamotsu. The Derelicts of Company K: A Sociological Study of Demoralization. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978. [Uses a demoralization framework in a study of an underachieving Nisei military unit during World War II.]

75. Shinagawa, Larry Hajime, and Gin Yong Pang. "Marriage Patterns of Asian Americans in California, 1980." In Chan, Sucheng, ed. Income and Status Differences between White and Minority Americans. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1990. Mellen Studies in Sociology, Vol. 3. 225-82. [Presents interracial marriage statistics for Japanese Americans and other Asian Americans based on 1980 census data utilizing a hypergamy framework.]

76. Sone, Monica. Nisei Daughter. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1953. S. Frank Miyamoto, introd. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1979. Autobiographical account of growing up Nisei begins in Seattle, continues to Minidoka, and ends with college.]

77. Stephan, John. Hawaii under the Rising Sun: Japan's Plans for Conquest after Pearl Harbor. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1984. [On Japan's plans for occupying Hawaii after a successful attack during World War II; several Hawaii Issei played roles in formulating the plans.]

78. Suzuki, Bob H. "Education and Socialization of Asian Americans: A Revisionist Analysis of the ÔModel Minority' Thesis." Amerasia Journal 4.2 (1977): 23-52. Reprinted in Asian-Americans: Social and Psychological Perspectives, Vol. II. Russell Endo, Stanley Sue, and Nathaniel N. Wagner, eds. Palo Alto, CA: Science and Behavior Books, Inc., 1980. 155-75. [Detailed debunking of the basic tenets of the so-called Asian Americans as "Model Minority" thesis.]

79. Takagi, Dana Y. "Japanese American Families." In Minority families in the United States: A Multicultural Perspective. Ed. and introd. Ronald L. Taylor. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1994.

80. Takahashi, Jerrold Haruo. "Changing Responses to Racial Subordination: An Exploratory Study of Japanese American Political Styles." Diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1980. [Exploration of Nisei political thinking as they came of age in the 1930s.]

81. Takaki, Ronald. Pau Hana: Plantation Life and Labor in Hawaii, 1835-1920. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983. [History of the multi-racial sugar plantation labor workforce in Hawaii of which Japanese Americans were a major part.]

82. __________. Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1989. [One of two major recent histories of Asian Americans.]

83. Tamura, Eileen H. Americanization, Acculturation, and Ethnic Identity: The Nisei Generation in Hawaii. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994. [Primarily a study of education of the Nisei in Hawaii.]

84. Tateishi, John. And Justice For All: An Oral History of the Japanese American Detention Camps. New York: Random House, 1984. [Volume of edited oral history transcripts with thirty former concentration camp internees.]

85. Thomas, Dorothy S. The Salvage. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1952. [Looks at those who resettled out of the concentration camps in the East and Midwest; includes fifteen life histories of such people. The second published volume of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study.]

86. __________, and Richard Nishimoto. The Spoilage. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969. Originally published in 1946. [Looks at the Japanese American community in the concentration camps with a special emphasis on segregation, the "disloyal" at Tule Lake, and renunciation of citizenship. The first published volume of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study.]

87. Tsuchida, Nobuya. "Japanese Gardeners in Southern California, 1900-1941." In Cheng, Lucie, and Edna Bonacich, ed. Labor Immigration Under Capitalism: Asian Workers in the United States Before World War II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984. 435-69. [Examines the beginnings of Japanese gardeners organizations in the Los Angeles area.]

88. Tsurutani, Hisashi. America Bound: The Japanese and Opening of the American West. Betsey Scheiner, trans. Tokyo: Japan Times, Inc., 1989. Originally published in 1977 as Amerika Seibu Kaitaku to Nihonjin. [On Japanese immigrants to the United States--primarily those who worked in the railroad and mining areas--and their role in the development of the West.]

89. Uchida, Yoshiko. Picture Bride. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Press, 1987. [Novel centering on an Issei picture bride from her life in Japan to her incarceration in an American concentration camp during World War II.]

90. Walls, Thomas K. The Japanese Texans. San Antonio: Institute of Texan Cultures, 1987. [Study of Japanese American in Texas; includes a chapter on the three Justice Department administered World War II internment camps in Texas.]

91. Waugh, Isami Arifuku. "Hidden Crime and Deviance in the Japanese- American Community, 1920-1946." Diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1978. [Study of crime among the Issei and Nisei in Los Angeles before and during World War II.]

92. Weglyn, Michi. Years of Infamy: The Untold Story of America's Concentration Camps. New York: William Morrow & Co., 1976. [Classic study of Japanese Americans and America's World War II concentration camps.]

93. Yagasaki, Noritaka. "Ethnic Cooperativism and Immigrant Agriculture: A Study of Japanese Floriculture and Truck Farming in California." Diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1982. [Sprawling study of pre-World War II floriculture and truck farming in both San Francisco and Los Angeles; also includes a chapter on Japanese American immigrant banking.]

94. Yamamoto [DeSoto], Hisaye. Seventeen Syllables and Other Stories. Latham, NY: Kitchen Table Women of Color Press, 1988. [Collection of short stories by a Southern California based Nisei writer.]

95. Yamanaka, Lois Ann. Saturday Night at the Pahala Theatre. Honolulu: Bamboo Ridge Press, 1993. [Collection of poetry centering on life in small- town Hawaii.]

96. Yamauchi, Wakako. Songs My Mother Taught Me: Stories, Plays, and Memoir. New York: Feminist Press at the City University of New York, 1994. [Anthology featuring the work of noted Nisei playwright, artist, and short story writer Yamauchi.]

97. Yanagisako, Sylvia Junko. Transforming the Past: Tradition and Kinship among Japanese Americans. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985. [Study of Japanese American kinship emphasizing the process of culture change; focuses on marriage, filial relations, and sibling relations.]

98. Yoneda, Karl G. Ganbatte: Sixty-Year Struggle of a Kibei Worker. Los Angeles: Asian American Studies Center, University of California, Los Angeles, 1983. [Autobiography of a Kibei labor organizer and Communist.]

99. Yoo, David. "'Read All About It': Race, Generation and the Japanese American Ethnic Press, 1925- 41." Amerasia Journal 19.1 (1993): 69-92.

100. Yoshida, Ryo. "A Socio-Historical Study of Racial/Ethnic Identity in the Inculcated Religious Expression of Japanese Christianity in San Francisco, 1877-1924." Diss., Graduate Theological Union (Berkeley, CA), 1989. [Examination of the Japanese American Christian church in San Francisco and the evolution of a uniquely Japanese American theology.]